libum roman bread with rosemary

Libum Bread Recipe: Back to the Romans!

Let's discover a fantastic ancient roman dessert recipes: the Libum, an ancient roman cheesecake recipe to serve in place of bread.



  • 9 oz ricotta
  • 1/2 cup flour
  • 1 egg
  • 1/2 tsp of salt
  • Sage, bay and rosemary leaves
  • Extra virgin olive oil
Italian Recipes
6 servings
10 min.
40 min.
50 min.

Today we'll dip into Italian history, or better, into Roman history, to discover a fantastic ancient roman dessert recipes: the Libum.

What is Libum? Libum was a type of bread, or even better an ancient Roman cheesecake recipe usually dedicated to Jupiter by spouses during their wedding celebration, or more often offered to the gods as a libation in occasion of sacrifices. 
You can use ricotta, or choose other types of soft cheeses with a sharper flavor like Stracchino or a goat cheese. You can also choose whether to prepare a single Libum cheesecake, similar to a focaccia (and this was the preferred solution in ancient Rome) or make many small rolls. Serve with salami or cheeses as an appetizer, or with dried fruit for an original dessert.

Pompei fresco with a Roman table

How to Make Libum Bread


  • In a bowl mix ricotta with egg, flour and salt until you get a well-mixed mixture. 
  • Take a baking pan, pour a spool of extra virgin olive oil and lay over a generous layer of rosemary, bay and sage. If you prefer the rolls to the focaccia, place just some bay leaves.
  • Take the dough make small rolls or a sort of focaccia base.
  • Lay the bread on the baking pan. Cook in the oven already hot at 400 F° for about 40 minutes.
  • Once cooked, remove from the oven and let the libum bread cool before serving.

Serve with cheese, salami, honey, dried fruit or eat it as is.

Image: Roman Cheese Bread, CC BY 2.0


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