White truffle (Tuber Magnatum Pico) is considered as the truffle par excellence due to its considerable commercial importance. Since it grows mainly in Alba (Piedmont, Northern Italy), it is also called Alba white truffle.
It has a globular shape, with numerous holes on the rind that make it very irregular. The surface is smooth and slighlty velvety. The color varies from pale cream to ocher. The inner part (the serfs) is unmistakable and is white or grayish-yellow with small white grains. Its fragrance is unmistakable and strongly aromatic.
White truffles, usually, lives in symbiosis with lime trees, oaks, willows and poplars. The soil must be soft and humid for much of the year, rich in calcium, and there must be a good air circulation. White truffle hunting usually occurs from September to December.